Diseases of the Inner Ear – Labyrinthitis

Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of labyrinthitis
Labyrinthitis reason is not entirely clear. Most often, the disease is triggered by upper respiratory tract infection (cold, flu). Less often, the cause of labyrinthitis is an infection of the middle ear. Even rarer labyrinthitis can be caused by a bacterial infection. Labyrinthitis – an inflammation of the inner ear. Labyrinth is located deep in the inner ear. It consists of three semicircular canals, the function of which is to control the balance. Inflammation of the inner ear structures can be either a viral, so much less, or bacterial.
Labyrinthitis can cause dizziness, which can be so severe that cause nausea or vomiting. Gradually, over several days or weeks dizziness passes. However, a month later, or any wrong move could trigger a new head dizzy. In addition, the labyrinth can be accompanied by a temporary hearing loss. Bacterial labyrinthitis usually occurs after infection or inflammation of the middle ear and meningitis is much more serious condition.

Manifestations of labyrinthitis.
The most important symptom of labyrinthitis is vertigo. It should be noted that dizziness can be a symptom of other diseases. When labyrinthitis vertigo occurs suddenly and usually 1 – 2 weeks after the patient has suffered any viral or bacterial infection. Sudden attack of vertigo can be so severe that is accompanied by nausea or vomiting. Dizziness usually wears off in a few days or weeks, but in the subsequent sharp head movements may provoke an attack of vertigo.
Among other manifestations observed labyrinthitis hearing loss and tinnitus – tinnitus. In the rare cases where the cause of labyrinthitis is bacterial infection, hearing loss may be permanent.

Diagnosis of labyrinthitis.
Diagnosis of labyrinthitis is based on identifying patterns of patient complaints and surveys. In addition, to determine the cause of dizziness, hold special tests.
When uncertainty causes of vertigo are usually performed these studies:
Electronystagmography – a method based on the detection of movement of the eyeballs, which are recorded by the electrodes. In addition, for dizziness, the cause of which lies in the inner ear characterized by certain types of movement of the eyeballs, and with lesions of the central nervous system – the types.
Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography – techniques to visualize that is to make visible the pathology of the brain (stroke, swollen).

Hearing test – the study performed to detect hearing loss.
The test response of the brain stem auditory department (ABR, also known as BAYER and BSER) – This study helps to identify whether normally functioning nerve that goes from the inner ear to the brain. Hearing loss in this test confirms Meniere’s disease.
Audiometry subjectively determines how a person hears. Audiometry consists of behavioral testing and pure tone audiometry.

Treatment of labyrinthitis.
The symptoms of labyrinthitis are alone. If the cause of labyrinthitis was a bacterial infection, it is usually prescribed antibiotics. Viral infection is not treated with antibiotics. In principle, medication labyrinthitis similar to that indicated for Meniere’s disease. This so-called symptomatic treatment aimed at reducing the symptoms of the disease.
Bacterial inflammation of the inner ear, even after the drug therapy has eliminated the infection, symptoms of vertigo can still disturb the patient. However, over time this symptom as completely goes away.
For the treatment of diseases of the inner ear, modern medicine offers a variety of treatments: 1 – drug treatment, which includes a wide variety of chemotherapeutic agents, 2 – physical therapy (often combined with chemotherapy), 3 – surgery, etc. Of course, in many cases it is impossible to do without medication treatment. However, prolonged treatment can cause toxic effects on the internal organs, severe allergic reactions, and poor tolerance physiotherapy. But surgery is always associated with high risks of surgical interventions.

In the above article, we mentioned the main inner ear infection symptoms ( labyrinthitis ), which always require immediate medical treatment.

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